A Free Press article on February 12, 2014 about DWSD quotes suburban officials bemoaning the (perceived) fact that the suburbs are stuck in long-term contracts with DWSD.
“Commissioners asked a question that homeowners and business customers across suburban Detroit have posed for years — is there a way to break away from Detroit’s historic stranglehold on supplying water and sewer service to nearly 4 million people in southeast Michigan?”
“The answer was no. That would be all but impossible because numerous communities have long-term contracts with the Detroit Water & Sewerage Department, including many that won’t expire until 2043, said Richard Sulaka Jr., Macomb County deputy public works commissioner.”
I don’t agree. DWSD’s contracts are as full of holes as a wool sweater in a moth colony.
First, let’s think about the makings of a sound contract. Implicit is the idea of arms-length bargaining. Not much of that with a monopoly like DWSD (especially when run by a criminal enterprise headed by the city’s mayor). How about duress? When is somebody going to play that card? Or adhesion contract? Cornell Law defines it as:
“A standard form contract drafted by one party (usually a business with stronger bargaining power) and signed by the weaker party (usually a consumer in need of goods or services), who must adhere to the contract and therefore does not have the power to negotiate or modify the terms of the contract…”
“Courts carefully scrutinize adhesion contracts and sometimes void certain provisions because of the possibility of unequal bargaining power, unfairness, and unconscionability. Factoring into such decisions include the nature of the assent, the possibility of unfair surprise, lack of notice, unequal bargaining power, and substantive unfairness…”
Last but certainly not least, massive fraud, bribery, extortion and bid-rigging by one party in the performance of its contractual duties, to the detriment of other parties, will void contracts that precede the crimes.
Unless all existing contracts were signed subsequent to those crimes, suburban representatives in current negotiations with Detroit should consider their options more carefully.